This example is fictional. It presents a typical ordering cycle, with a minimum of activities and a few participants. The practical lesson here is to understand how to articulate the available information once a process diagram is drawn.
In this example, there is a first assumption that it will be possible to bypass the current finance activity, by suggesting to integrate a pre-approved budget in the BRMS, which is part of a typical BPMS (Business Process Management System) solution.
Being able to provide such an assumption at an early stage of a process improvement initiative can facilitate the decision process of any Executive Board, even if the Design Stage (12.4.2) is not engaged yet. This assumption here relies on a technological solution, but even without automation, a pre-approved purchasing budget could be a great improvement.